Welcome to South Africa
South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa, is the southernmost sovereign country in Africa.
It is bordered on the south by 2798 kilometres of coastline of Southern Africa stretching along the South Atlantic and Indian Oceans, on the north by the neighbouring countries of Namibia, Botswana and Zimbabwe, and on the east and northeast by Mozambique and Swaziland, and surrounding the kingdom of Lesotho.
South Africa is the 25th-largest country in the world by land area, and additionally with around 53 million citizens, is the world’s 25th most populated country. It is also the southern-most country on the mainland of the Old World or the Eastern Hemisphere . It is the only country that borders both the Atlantic and the Indian Ocean.
Overview of South Africa
The discovery of diamonds and gold in the late 1800s brought an influx of Europeans and further strained relations between the Afrikaners and the British. In 1902 the British defeated the Afrikaners, or Boers, and incorporated the Boers into the British Empire.
South Africa is endowed with abundant natural resources, and its economy is the largest in Africa with strong financial and manufacturing sectors. Since the end of the apartheid in 1994, South Africa has made considerable economic progress, but the country continues to face high unemployment and poverty.